1.State your Point (first sentence)
2.Expand (with relevant background detail)
The text states”……” It is revealed “……..” words like “……..” the selected text “……” tells us….
4.your own response
what does the reader lean, what does the reader think/visualise/feel, what connections can the reader make to other experiences or contexts, what is the overall purpose/message
the reader understands from this narration that Simon is calculating the value of his life against Joe’s. He also treats the situation logically and considers the “odds” of their survival, if Joe is assisted down the mountain. This presents an interesting reality about human native.